Dr. Russell P. Balda

Regents' Professor
Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ

Through the Avian Cognition Center, Dr. Balda conducted research on the evolution of cognitive mechanisms in corvids, including field and laboratory studies of pinyon jays and scrub jays, integrating psychological and biological perspectives. He is now an emeritus professor at Northern Arizona University in Flagstaff. PDF copies of his publications are available through